Kodi chitetezo cha thupi lonse la aluminium chimatsimikiziridwa momwe chingakonzere

Kugwiritsa ntchito kwa aluminiyamu mumagalimoto kumawonetsa kuwonjezeka chaka ndi chaka. Pali mitundu yambiri yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito aluminium gawo kapena lonse. Makina opatsira magalimoto AMAGWIRITSA ntchito zotengera za aluminiyamu, zomwe zimangokhala ndi mphamvu zokwanira komanso kulimba, komanso zimakhala ndi matenthedwe abwino. Zowona zatsimikizira kuti kugwiritsa ntchito aluminiyamu mgalimoto kwathandizadi pazachuma komanso zachuma.

Magalimoto zotayidwa aloyi zotetezera
1, zotayidwa kumabweretsa zabwino structural, zitsulo ndi singasiyanitsidwe
Monga amadziwika kwa onse, poyerekeza ndi chitsulo wamba, zotayidwa zimatha kuneneratu za kugundana koyambirira kwa kapangidwe kake, ndikuwonetsetsa kapangidwe kake ndi malo osemphana. Chifukwa chake, thupi la aluminium limatha kukonza chitetezo chamgalimoto pamlingo winawake ndikukwaniritsa bwino pakuyesa kwangozi.
Ngakhale mphamvu zina zotulutsa zotayidwa zimatha kufikira 500-600 mpa komanso zida zazitsulo, koma mwamphamvu ina, sizofanana ndi chitsulo champhamvu kwambiri, motero mbali zina zofunika zimagwiritsanso ntchito Kulimbitsa zitsulo zamphamvu kwambiri, monga mtundu wa rover aluminium thupi, wokhala ndi 4% yazitsulo zamphamvu kwambiri ndi 1% ya thermoforming kopitilira muyeso mphamvu yazitsulo.
2, kukhathamiritsa kwa braking kukhathamiritsa, kuwongolera chitetezo pamlingo wapamwamba
M'malo mwake, chitetezo cha thupi la aluminiyumu sichimangowonekera pamapangidwe ndi mawonekedwe azinthuzo, komanso chimagwira gawo lalikulu pakuphwanya ndi kuyendetsa galimoto. Mwachitsanzo, galimoto ya Ford ya F-150, imalemera 318kg poyerekeza ndi yomwe idakonzedweratu chifukwa cha thupi lake lonse la aluminium. Inertia yagalimoto yachepetsedwa kwambiri ndipo mtunda wa braking wachepa kwambiri. Ndicho chifukwa chake F-150 imapeza chitetezo chokwanira kwambiri cha nyenyezi zisanu kuchokera ku National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, yomwe imawapangitsa kukhala otetezeka kwambiri kuposa mitundu yofananira. Ndipo chifukwa zotayidwa zili ndi mawonekedwe a kukana kwa dzimbiri, zimatha kupangitsa kuti galimoto ikhale ndi moyo wabwino kwambiri.
Zida zofunikira pakukonzekera matupi a aluminium
1. Makina apadera otetezera mpweya ndi makina okonzekera mawonekedwe a thupi la aluminium
Chifukwa cha kusungunuka kochepa kwa aluminium, kusinthasintha kosavuta, zofunikira zowotcherera zaposachedwa, chifukwa chake muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito makina otayidwa otsekemera a gasi otsekemera. Makina okonza mawonekedwe sangakhale ngati makina wamba okonzera kuwonekera ndikudina, atha kugwiritsa ntchito makina osanjikiza a aluminiyamu owotchera muon msomali, pogwiritsa ntchito machira a muon kujambula.
2. Zida zotsogola zapadera za aluminium ndi mfuti zamphamvu zothamangitsa
Mosiyana ndi kukonza magalimoto kwangozi, kukonza kwa thupi la aluminiyamu makamaka ndimayendedwe, omwe amayenera kukhala ndi mfuti yolimba. Ndipo kukonza zida zamagetsi zotayidwa ziyenera kudzipereka, sizingasakanikirane ndi kukonza zida zamatupi azitsulo. Pambuyo pokonza thupi lachitsulo, chitsulo chotsalira chimatsalira pazida. Ngati imagwiritsidwa ntchito kukonzanso thupi la aluminiyumu, chitsulo chodula chimalowetsedwa pamwamba pa aluminiyamu, ndikupangitsa kutentha kwa aluminium.
3. Kusonkhanitsa fumbi komanso kupukuta
Pokonzekera kupukuta thupi la aluminium, padzakhala ufa wochuluka wa aluminium, ufa wa aluminium sikuti umangovulaza thupi la munthu, komanso umatha kuwotcha komanso kuphulika, chifukwa chake ndikofunikira kukhala ndi fumbi losungitsa kuphulika komanso kuyeretsa kuyamwa ufa wa aluminiyamu munthawi yake.
4. Malo osungira okhaokha
Chifukwa chazovuta zofunikira pakukonzanso matupi a aluminiyumu, kuwonetsetsa kuti ntchito yosamalira bwino ndikukonza chitetezo, kuti tipewe ufa wa aluminiyamu kuwonongeka kwa msonkhano ndi kuphulika, ndikofunikira kukhazikitsa malo osiyanitsira ma aluminiyumu. Kuphatikiza apo, ogwira ntchito yosamalira thupi la aluminiyumu kuti achite maphunziro aukadaulo, amadziwa bwino kukonza kwa zotayidwa, momwe angayikitsire zojambula, kuwotcherera, riveting, kulumikizana ndi zina zambiri.
Chidziwitso cha ntchito yosamalira thupi la aluminium
1, zotayidwa aloyi mbale m'dera kwamakokedwe si zabwino, zosavuta osokoneza. Mwachitsanzo, chifukwa mawonekedwe a mbale yamkati ya hood ya injini ndi yovuta kwambiri, kuti apititse patsogolo kusintha kwa thupi pakapangidwe kazitsulo zamphamvu kwambiri za aluminiyamu, kutambasula kwadutsa 30%, motero pokonza kuonetsetsa kuti mawonekedwe sasintha momwe angathere, kuti tipewe ming'alu.
2. Kulondola kwa gawo sikophweka kumvetsetsa, ndipo kuyambiranso kumakhala kovuta kuwongolera. Njira yotulutsira kupsinjika ndi kutentha kwanyumba kotsika iyenera kutengedwa momwe ingathere pokonzanso kuti ikhale yolimba popanda zochitika zina zododometsa monga kubwerera.
3, chifukwa zotayidwa ndizofewa kuposa chitsulo, kugundana komanso kumamatira kwapafumbi kosiyanasiyana kumapangitsa kuti ziwonongeko zapadziko lapansi, zokopa ndi zolakwika zina, chifukwa chake kuli koyenera kuyeretsa nkhungu, kuyeretsa zida, fumbi lachilengedwe, kuipitsa mpweya ndi zina. tengani njira zowonetsetsa kuti ziwalozo zikukhulupirika.
Chifukwa cha magwiridwe antchito ake, aloyi ya aluminiyamu imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'galimoto yamagalimoto, chitetezo cha aloyi ya aluminium chitha kukhala chotsimikizika. Kuphatikiza apo kukonza kwamagalimoto kumakhalanso kosavuta, kuti mumve zambiri chonde tiuzeni.


Post nthawi: Nov-01-2020